Because it indicates that people believe their lives are going well, well-being is a positive result that is relevant for people and many sectors of society. Good living conditions (for example, housing and work) are essential for happiness. It is critical for public policy to keep track of these conditions.
Many indicators used to assess living conditions, however, are unable to assess how people think and feel about their lives, such as the quality of their relationships, their positive emotions and resilience, the realization of their potential, or their overall satisfaction with life—i.e., their "well-being." Global assessments of life satisfaction and sentiments ranging from melancholy to joy are all part of well-being.
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Well-being is linked to a slew of health, career, familial, and financial advantages. 8 Higher levels of happiness, for example, are linked to a lower risk of sickness, illness, and injury, as well as improved immune function, faster recovery, and longer life. People who are happy at work are more productive at work and are more willing to give back to their communities.
Although there is no universally accepted definition of well-being, most believe that it comprises the presence of positive feelings and moods (e.g., contentment, happiness), the absence of negative emotions (e.g., depression, anxiety), satisfaction with life, fulfillment, and positive functioning.
Well-being can be defined as a favorable attitude toward life and a positive feeling. Physical well-being (e.g., feeling highly well and full of energy) is also seen as crucial to total well-being for public health considerations.
FACTORS AFFECTING WELL-BEING
Health is more than just the absence of disease; it is a resource that enables people to achieve their goals, meet their requirements, and adapt to their surroundings in order to live a long, productive, and fruitful life. In this view, health facilitates the social, economic, and personal development that is necessary for happiness.
Health promotion is the process of empowering people to take charge of their health and improve it. Peace, economic security, a stable ecology, and safe housing are examples of environmental and social resources for health. Physical activity, a healthy diet, social links, resiliency, pleasant emotions, and autonomy are all examples of individual health resources.
Individual, environmental, and societal resources that are strengthened by health promotion efforts may promote well-being in the long run.
Many well-being instruments are available that evaluate self-reported well-being in a variety of ways, depending on whether well-being is being measured as a clinical outcome, a population health outcome, for cost-effectiveness studies, or for other reasons.
Well-being measures, for example, can be psychometrically or utility-based. Psychometrically based measures are based on the strength of the link between many items that are designed to evaluate one or more aspects of happiness.
Utility-based metrics are anchored between 0 (death) and 1 (life) and are based on an individual's or group's choice for a given situation (optimum health). Some research suggests that single items (e.g., global life satisfaction) can be used sparingly to assess well-being. Environmental instantaneous assessment, peer reports, observational methods, physiological methods, experience sampling approaches, etc.
Numerous research has looked into the relationships between individual and national well-being determinants. Many of this research used various well-being measures (e.g., life satisfaction, positive affect, psychological well-being) and procedures, resulting in sometimes contradictory findings of well-being and its correlates.
The link between income and happiness is complicated. Income correlates only marginally with well-being, depending on which sorts of indicators are employed and which comparisons are conducted. In general, lower-income levels have stronger links with well-being (which is usually assessed in terms of life satisfaction), but studies have identified effects for people with higher income levels as well.
Paid work is important for people's well-being since it provides direct access to resources as well as fulfillment, meaning, and purpose for some. Unemployment has a negative impact on one's well-being in the short and long term.
Of course, claiming that your happiness benefits others does not imply that you must be cheerful all of the time, which is nearly impossible even in more typical times. It's important to remember that all emotions, including negative ones, can be beneficial in some situations, such as when fear prevents us from taking excessive risks or grief signals to others that we require comfort. It also doesn't indicate that we should put on a pleasant face even if we aren't feeling happy. Accepting our unpleasant feelings is beneficial to our health, whereas suppressing them is not.
However, these findings show that, even now, taking care of our health does not have to be wholly selfish. Individually, we can try to do so by exercising keys to long-term happiness, such as gratitude, mindfulness, amazement, and compassion, and as a society, we can try to develop societies that foster wellbeing. And you can bet that by taking care of ourselves, we'll be able to help people around us manage better with the coronavirus, making the world a better place for everyone.